While motorcycle engines are still much more straightforward than cars, they get increasingly sophisticated every year.
Revving and accelerating problems on a motorcycle generally mean issues with the fuel supply, air supply, or ignition system, but these days, navigating these three systems can be pretty complex.
This article lists the most common reasons a motorcycle won’t rev past 4000-6000 RPMs, whether it’s fuel injected or carbureted!
1. Throttle Bodies or Carburetors Are Out of Tune
If your motorcycle is carbureted, its carb delivers the fuel to the cylinders.
The injector throttle bodies inject fuel consistently into your bike’s engine cylinders on a fuel-injected motorcycle.
Regardless of your motorcycle’s fuel delivery system, if the amount of fuel delivered varies from cylinder to cylinder, your bike will idle rough and may not rev high enough to hit the 4000-6000 RPM mark.
- Balancing a carburetor requires a vacuum gauge, a technical procedure that may require a professional hand.
- While vacuum gauge bodies can also tune the fuel injector throttle by a seasoned pro, most modern moto techs tune the injectors by connecting a computer flash device to the motorcycle’s ECU (Electronic Control Unit).
- The ECU governs the ignition and fueling system sequences on a fuel-injected bike.
While balancing a carburetor can be a delicate procedure, tuning an ECU-regulated fuel injection system is often as simple as updating the computer’s software with a proper sequencing program.
2. Faulty Ignition System
Your motorcycle’s ignition system must be firing at full power to maintain your motorcycle’s revving.
If the spark plugs, ignition leads, or ignite coils wear down from use or hard riding, incur corrosion from moisture or improper storage, or aren’t regularly inspected and replaced, your motorcycle will develop issues revving up to the 4,000-6,000 RPM mark.
- The service intervals suggested in your motorcycle’s owner’s manual likely include inspecting your spark plugs for wear, burning, and discoloration.
- To maintain your motor revving capabilities, spark plugs must be replaced at the first sign of wear.
- Inspecting your ignition leads for damage and corrosion is also part of routine motorcycle maintenance.
- Finally, inspecting the connection between the spark plug and the ignition coil is also essential to regular ignition system inspection that will keep your motorcycle revving at full throttle.
3. Reduced Engine Compression
Most fuel-powered motorcycles equip combustion engines. Internal engine compression on combustion engines is important to ensuring your fuel ignites appropriately and the pistons are pushed down hard enough to produce adequate power.
Various issues can cause your motorcycle engine to lose compression, most commonly a bad seal between the piston rings and the cylinder bore or a faulty engine gasket.
Regardless of the cause, a dip in engine compression hurts your compression level, affecting your bike’s ability to rev up to the 4,000-6,000 RPM range.
- If your engine compression is low enough to cause revving issues, you need to identify the cause of the compression leak, which requires opening up the bike’s motor.
- The part responsible for a compression leak must be replaced asap, whether a faulty gasket or a worn piston ring is the reason.
- If a replacement piston ring doesn’t restore the seal with the cylinder bore, your engine may need to be re-bored with larger pistons and piston rings.
4. Advanced or Late Ignition Timing
Motorcycle engines are critical to maintaining your motorcycle’s RPM capabilities.
If your ignition timing gets ahead of its ideal rate, we call it advanced ignition timing. Late ignition, sometimes referred to as retarded ignition, is when your fuel ignites after the piston has already begun its new cycle.
Advanced ignition timing can cause engine knocking, as the fuel ignites before the piston cycles. The explosion hinders the piston’s movement, which can cause a motorcycle rev to die before it hits 4-6K.
Adversely, the late ignition timing can flood your cylinder with unburned fuel, not only wasting energy but also working against your engine power, stopping your bike from reaching its usual RPM potential.
- The ECUs in most fuel-injected bikes are equipped to regulate their injection systems and govern their ignition timing.
- If the ignition timing on an ECU-run bike goes out, the ECU may need a programming update.
- If the ECU is damaged and the unit flashing doesn’t fix it, the ECU itself may be why your motorcycle won’t reach 4,000-6,000 RPMs.
Older bikes use a mechanical breaker point ignition system.
- The points on the ignition system are set up to power the ignition coil in a specific rhythm.
- As the tips of the points wear down from use, slight variations the wear causes in the ignition’s rhythm timing can be enough to delay or advance the fuel ignition enough to cause your bike not to hit its typical high RPMs.
5. Clogged Fuel Filter
If your motorcycle’s fuel filter is clogged with contaminated fuel, moisture, rust, or debris, the total amount of power won’t make its way into the combustion chamber for ignition.
Therefore, when you hit the throttle to boost your RPMs up to the 4-6k range, the engine won’t have the fuel supply needed to deliver adequate power.
The result of a clogged fuel filter is your motorcycle stalls when reaching for a powerband the reduced fuel flow is inadequate for.
- External fuel filters are cheap and easy to replace.
- That said, internal fuel tank filters require the tank to be drained and removed for the filter to be inspected and cleaned.
- While this isn’t necessarily a complicated job, if you suspect a fuel filter is a reason your motorcycle won’t reach 4,000-6,000 RPMs, it may be worth having a pro examine your fuel system, starting with the filter.
A sign of a bad fuel filter is when your motorcycle keeps backfiring.
6. Fuel Supply Contaminated By Moisture
On modern bikes, water in the fuel of a motorcycle typically happens as a result of a damaged or corrupted fuel tank with a leak in it, allowing grime, rain, and dust to fall into your motorcycle; if this is the case, your fuel filter might also be clogged, and you should review the last section.
That said, if you stored your motorcycle over the winter and the fuel tank wasn’t packed to the brim, the moist air has room to waft around in your fuel tank, allowing condensation to build up.
Regardless of how it got there, if water enters your fuel system and enters the combustion chamber, the moisture will interfere with your ignition process. When you hit the throttle and try to boost your revs, your bike may cough or even stall out.
- If you think water in your fuel tank is why your bike won’t rev past 4,000-6,000 RPMs, you’ll have to drain your fuel tank and lines and blow the lines out.
- Let the lines and tank dry thoroughly before installing and refilling it with fuel.
- Fill the engine with fresh fuel and try to rev past 4,000-6,000 RPMs.
- If the bike no longer stalls or coughs or loses power, moisture is your problem, and you’re good to go!
7. Clogged Air Filter
While the air filter on some motorcycles is under the gas tank, it’s often located on the side of your bike’s engine as part of an airbox unit.
The air filter may be attached to the carb intake on carbureted motorcycles.
- Regardless of location, the air intake filter is designed to filter out dust and moisture while intaking the air supply for your air-fuel ratio, used for compression.
- If its air filter is blocked, a motorcycle’s fuel supply will run rich, negatively impacting combustion and causing your bike to struggle through the RPM rev range.
- You’ll likely notice your motorcycle is using more fuel than usual, as less air allows more fuel in the chamber, which can cause late ignition.
- You’ll also notice your throttle response lags when you try to rev up quickly, more so than if you open it up slowly.
If your motorcycle won’t rev past 4,000 RPMs if you hit the throttle hard but makes it all the way if you open it slowly, a clogged air filter is likely the reason.
Some air filters are reusable, made out of foam or metal mesh that can be cleaned with a degreaser, dried out, oiled up (depending on the type of filter), and reinstalled to make your bike rev up like it’s new again.
If your motorcycle uses a disposable paper filter, fixing your rev problem may be as simple as throwing away the clogged filter and replacing it with a new one.
A clear sign your air filter is bad is when your motorcycle idles rough and the RPMs go up and down.
8. Carburetor Jets/Fuel Injectors Are Blocked
On a carbureted motorcycle, the carb jets have minute openings that can get blocked by air debris or clogged by contaminated fuel.
On fuel-injected motorcycles, the injectors can get blocked similarly.
Whether your bike is carbureted or fuel injected, clogged carb jets and blocked injectors can cause your fuel supply to run lean on fuel, and your motorcycle may fail to rev past 4,000-6,000.
- Unblocking carb jets means you’ll have to remove, detail clean, and rebuild your carburetor—not overly complicated. Still, the carb needs to be rebuilt perfectly to restore your bike’s ability to rev.
- If your bike is fuel injected, try unclogging your injectors by flushing the injector cleaner through your fuel system via your fuel tank, ensuring you follow the instructions provided by the cleaner manufacturer.
Clogged carbs and injectors can be avoided the same way: by inspecting and replacing your fuel filter per the service intervals outlined in your owner’s manual and using high-quality, supreme octane fuel.
If you drive a motorcycle with a carburetor, you should also read this article on why motorcycles die when the choke is turned off.
9. Air Leaking Into Your Fuel Supply
Air leaking into your fuel supply via leaks in the air, exhaust, carb, or fuel injection systems can cause your air-fuel supply to lean on fuel.
A lean air-fuel mix can cause a slew of engine problems, as can the presence of air in your fuel lines, one of them being the failure to rev your motorcycle past 4,000-6,000.
This is tricky to track down, as air can find its way into your fuel supply via all sorts of seal, gasket, hose, line, and pipe damage.
The seam between your airbox and your intake is a common place to start troubleshooting. Having a pro mechanic track down the air leak with their diagnostic tools may be worth your time.
10. Fuel System Failures
Modern fuel-injected motorcycles are regulated by the Electronic Computer Units mentioned earlier.
To prevent engine damage or a dangerous collision caused by engine failure, the ECU will enter a limp mode, where the engine power of your motorcycle is restricted.
When some motorcycle’s ECUs enter limp mode due to a failure within the fuel system, the ECU will prevent the bike from revving past 4,000-6,000 RPMs, depending on your engine size. Resetting the ECU may require a diagnostics machine plug-in at your local dealership.
The following problems can result in an ECU limp mode limiting your rev power.
- Fuel Pump Failure
- Fuel Regulator
- Fuel Filter Failure
- Various Fuel System Sensors
While repairing the issue may cause the ECU on some motor models to pull itself out of the limp mode, others will still need to be flashed by the dealership diagnostics computer.
Motorcycle Dies When Accelerating
14 Reasons Your Motorcycle Dies When Given Throttle (simplymotorcycle.com)