When a car is not properly warmed up, there can be several reasons why it will not accelerate properly.
Fortunately, the potential causes are easy to understand.
Let’s take a closer look at the most common problems and how they can be handled.
Also, read this if your vehicle won’t accelerate past 60 MPH.
1) Fuel Filter Clogs
This is one of the most common engine-related problems of all and luckily, you do not have to be an advanced auto mechanic to notice it.
These filters will either be found inside of the fuel tank or externally mounted (or in some cases, both).
These filters serve a very important function, trapping unwanted particles before they have the chance to make their way into the vehicle’s fuel system.
If a fuel filter is not being cleaned on a regular basis, this can cause a vehicle to struggle from an acceleration standpoint.
Random sputtering and surging?
If so, this is a sure sign that the fuel filter is experiencing some untimely clogs. If the problem is not addressed, the vehicle will eventually stop running altogether.
An externally mounted fuel filter can be replaced with relative ease.
If this item has not been replaced in a long time, this is the perfect time to do so. These types of repairs tend to be cheap and simple.
2) Dingy Air Filter
The air filter is another common culprit that often goes ignored, even by the most well-meaning motorists.
Once an air filter becomes too dirty, the engine is unable to breathe in the proper manner.
Yes, the computer and the airflow sensor are able to make adjustments. This can lull the motorist into a false sense of security since these adjustments can work fairly well up to a certain point.
That does not mean that they should be relied upon exclusively.
The fuel economy and acceleration performance of the vehicle will begin to suffer before too long. Take a look at the air filter box. Chances are high that it has become too dirty.
By replacing it with a new one, you can steer clear (see what we did there?) of all the usual pitfalls.
3) Clutch Troubles
This is where things start to get a bit more complicated but that does not mean that the issue cannot be addressed. Let’s say that the vehicle is not accelerating, even when the gas pedal has been pushed.
This is a sure sign that something is wrong with the clutch.
The car is struggling to accelerate in the desired manner for a very simple reason. The clutch cannot properly engage the transmission with the engine.
The motorist may need to add clutch fluid or the clutch pedal may be worn out.
That’s why it is crucial for motorists to closely monitor the amount of clutch fluid that is present. Make sure that these levels are not going below the minimum or above the maximum.
- Does the clutch seem loose?
- Does the engine change speed regardless of acceleration or deceleration?
If the answer to either of these questions is yes, that means the clutch is typically the source of the problem.
4) Electronic Control Unit Issues
When a car does not accelerate until it has been warmed up, this is often indicative of an issue with the electronic control unit.
Is the car still struggling to accelerate even when it is warmed up and the gas pedal is being pushed?
This could mean that a pollution error is fooling the computer system into thinking that there is a much larger problem.
These types of errors will cause an engine to slowly lose power, causing unwanted acceleration maladies.
The electronic control unit also has sensors that can be tripped up. When these sensors do not work properly, incorrect readings will cause further problems.
In these instances, it is best to trust the professionals to handle the issue.
It is not in the best interests of a motorist to attempt to fix an electronic control unit on their own.
5) Timing Belt Faults
If the timing belt is worn out or damaged, this will have a pronounced effect on the vehicle’s ability to accelerate.
However, replacing a timing belt is not always the simplest fix.
This can leave motorists feeling frustrated, understandably so.
How can we avoid these types of issues going forward? In many instances, a new timing belt can cause problems because it has been misaligned or misplaced.
That’s why we should not be trying to handle a timing belt repair or replacement on our own.
It’s the sort of job that is best left to experienced mechanics. A timing belt must be installed properly or the motorist is going to experience even worse acceleration than they did before.
While there are certain repairs that can be handled by the average motorist, a timing belt repair or replacement is not one of them.
6) Malfunctioning Oxygen Sensor
The oxygen sensor is one of the vehicle’s unsung heroes. When it is working in the intended manner, it goes unnoticed.
Once it does not?
The acceleration can be affected, even if the motorist has taken the time to warm up the engine.
This device monitors the vehicle’s exhaust emissions. From there, the sensor analyzes the air to fuel ratio as it passes through the vehicle’s engine. In order for the fuel to burn properly and the combustion cylinders to run smoothly, the oxygen sensor must be in proper working order.
Once the sensor has processed the amount of fuel being used, the data is sent to the engine’s computer unit.
If the sensor is damaged the engine is unable to identify the proper fuel-to-air ratio, resulting in a fuel-rich mixture that makes acceleration more difficult.
This causes slow acceleration even when the engine is fully warmed up and the motorist is pressing the gas pedal downwards.
This unreliability can cause a great deal of frustration and usually requires the assistance of an experienced mechanic.
7) Throttle Position Sensor Malfunctioning
The accelerator pedal controls the throttle valve opening angle. If the throttle position sensor cannot detect it, the engine speed becomes much more difficult to control.
The accelerator pedal no longer controls the engine, which leads to some serious short-term issues.
The motorist will notice that they are no longer able to control the speed of the engine, even after allowing the vehicle to warm up.
In fact, the speed of the engine may increase or decrease without the motorist even touching the pedal.
No matter what precautions are taken, there is no workaround for this type of problem. The TPS must be fixed by the professionals as soon as possible. When the electronic control unit cannot receive the info from the TPS, the loss of engine control is pronounced.
8) Catalytic Converter Is Clogged
A clogged catalytic converter can cause a plethora of different problems.
Poor acceleration even when the vehicle is fully warmed up is chief among them. Is the engine’s performance reduced? Has the efficiency started to take a nosedive?
These are clear signs of a catalytic converter clog.
The catalytic converter becomes clogged when the exhaust becomes trapped at the front. In a number of instances, the vehicle will stall out when you press the accelerator or jerk in unexpected directions.
This is the sort of problem that needs to be addressed immediately. A motorist who waits for too long is risking severe damage to the other components of their vehicle.
As long as the problem is handled proactively, the catalytic converter can be saved before the clogs lead to further issues.
9) Vacuum Hose Leaking
Inside the vehicle’s engine, there is a multitude of vacuum hoses. If any of these hoses spring a leak, quality acceleration will be hard to come by regardless of how warm the engine is.
These hoses are responsible for transporting air and fuel to and from the engine.
They are also responsible for a number of different connectors and supply points. These hoses cannot have any punctures or the car is not going to accelerate.
The same goes for any dirt buildups that take place within the hoses.
The air to fuel ratio is ruined by a leaking vacuum hose because the air that enters or leaves the engine is not properly circulated.
The mixture becomes lean when the hose is punctured, which causes acceleration to slow down significantly. Even if acceleration is not always slow in these cases, the ride can get far rougher than expected. Don’t make the mistake of trying to push through it.