If you’ve ever inflated a car tire before, then you already know that the first step is to unscrew the tire cap and the final step is to screw it back on after you’ve finished inflating the tire. It’s a pretty self-explanatory process that most drivers have done.
This may have caused you to wonder just how important these tiny caps are. Are they really necessary, and what happens if one falls off?
In this article, we’ll answer and explore the following question: Do car tires need caps?
Do Car Tires Need Caps?
If you lose the cap on your tire you can still drive your vehicle. The primary use for the cap is to prevent dirt and lint from getting into the valve, and you will not lose pressure unless the tire is damaged. However, it’s best to replace a lost cap as soon as possible.
Do All Tires Come with Valve Caps?
Car tire caps, also referred to as tire valve stem caps, may seem insignificant at first glance, but these tiny plastic or metal caps play an important role in the health of your car’s tires, as they prevent air leaks.
All car tires do need caps for several reasons that we’ll discuss in this article.
Can I Drive If I’ve Lost the Cap on a Tire?
Imagine stopping at a gas station after your vehicle’s tire-pressure monitoring system causes a dashboard light to illuminate, indicating low tire pressure.
As you’re about to put air into the tire, you notice that the tire cap that should be attached to the valve stem is missing.
Relax, this is no reason to panic!
Tire caps are tiny and easy to lose for several reasons.
Unless the tire valve is damaged or already leaking, there are no negative consequences with driving your car back home.
However, you will want to find a replacement cap fairly quickly to prevent dirt, mud, ice, salt, or water from entering the valve stem and causing damage that can ultimately lead to a leak.
Avoid going several days without replacing the cap or taking a long road trip without one.
What Exactly Do Tire Caps Do?
The main purpose of a car tire cap is to prevent dirt, moisture, and grease from entering the inside of the Schrader valve stem, which can potentially contaminate the sealing surfaces and lead to a potential leak over time.
Some high-end tire caps made from quality hard plastic or metal come with a seal to make the valve stem airtight.
This ensures no contaminants such as dirt or ice get inside the valve and will also prevent air from escaping in the case the valve stem does develop a small leak.
Metal caps with a seal or rubber washer also provide a better cushion between the valve stem and the cap and do a better job of preventing the cap from falling off due to vibrations or contact with a curb.
Will Not Having a Cap on the Tire Cause It to Leak?
This is kind of a “yes” and “no” type of question. According to most automotive experts, the absence of a tire cap alone is not what causes your tire to leak.
Tires do not typically lose pressure immediately simply because the cap is off. So if you ever find yourself hustling to put the tire cap back on after inflating your tires, there’s no need to rush!
The air isn’t going to come out unless there is already an active leak.
However, over time, a tire without a cap can begin to leak if the valve has been contaminated.
The safest bet is to buy a replacement tire cap as soon as possible to prevent damage to your tire that can lead to a leak and possibly even premature tire replacement.
Do Wheels with Caps Hold Tire Pressure Better?
Tire caps do help hold tire pressure better in the long run.
Although the absence of a tire cap won’t initially cause any problems, the cap will help prevent air from escaping in the case the tire valve is damaged and springs a leak.
Keep your tires healthy and safe by ensuring all four tires are equipped with tire caps on the valve stem.
How Do You Replace a Valve Cap?
You can purchase tire caps online and at any automotive repair shop or tire store. Even stores such as Meijer and Walmart offer tire caps. Tire caps are inexpensive to replace.
You can buy a four-pack of caps at Walmart for under $3.
Because tire caps are inexpensive and easy to find, you really shouldn’t wait more than a day or two to replace them to ensure the valve and the inner parts of your tire aren’t damaged.
Now that you’ve purchased new tire caps, let’s discuss how to install them on your tires. It’s a simple process that takes just a few minutes – or even seconds.
But let’s go over the steps to ensure you get the job done right the first time!
If you’re replacing a damaged valve stem cap, simply unscrew the old one counterclockwise, and throw it away. Then, place the new tire cap on the valve stem and screw it on in a clockwise manner until it’s snug.
Don’t overtighten it, though, as you may have difficulty getting it off the next time you need to inflate the tire.
Are Tire Valve Caps Universal?
Most valve caps are one-size-fits-all for cars.
However, some larger vehicles such as trucks and high-end car brands might make the valve stem a different size, thus the need for buying a specific size or type of valve cap.
According to Tire Rack, there are traditionally three types of tire valve caps available:
- plastic dome,
- metal dome,
- or a metal “screwdriver” design.
Plastic valve caps are completely fine for us for most cars.
Metal valve caps are recommended to withstand high temperatures of racetrack driving in case there are any race car drivers out there!
Common Ways Valve Stem Caps Go Missing
Does it seem like your car’s tire valve caps somehow vanish into thin air? These little caps do have a way of disappearing for several reasons, including:
- Your auto mechanic forgot to put a cap back on after rotating the tires or topping the tires off with air.
- You were in a hurry when inflating your tires at the gas station and left the cap on the curb next to the air machine.
- You forgot to tighten the cap enough and it fell off while driving.
- Road debris or a rock hit the cap and split it in half, causing it to fall off.
- Excessive vibrations caused the cap to loosen and fall off.
- The valve stem’s threads got stripped, causing the valve to loosen.
How Do You Replace a Damaged Tire Valve Stem?
Replacing a valve stem cap is extremely easy. But what happens if the tire valve stem itself is damaged and needs to be replaced?
You have two options: you can either take it to a tire shop or replace it on your own using an inexpensive valve core tool and a replacement valve stem.
Both are available at any automotive parts store.
Here’s a step-by-step guide for replacing a tire valve stem on your own:
- Locate the Leak.
To ensure the leak is coming from the stem and not another part of the tire, rub a little soapy water over the uncapped valve stem. If bubbles come up from the valve stem, you know it has a slow leak. If no bubbles appear, the leak is coming from somewhere else on the tire.
- Remove the Wheel.
If the valve stem is the problem, use a jack to remove the entire wheel from your car. It’s safer to completely remove the tire so you don’t risk pulling the car off the jack and creating a potentially dangerous situation.
- Deflate the Tire.
To do this, remove the valve stem core using the removal tool. Once the core is removed, the tire should deflate automatically.
- Remove the Tire from the Wheel.
Remove the tire bead (which is a term used to refer to the edge of the tire where it meets the wheel). The easiest way is by lubricating the area where the tire and wheel meet and using a large screwdriver that fits between the tire and the rim to pry the tire off.
- Remove the Old Valve Stem.
Once the tire is off, you can remove the stem with a pair of pliers.
- Install the New Valve Stem.
Install your new stem from the inside of the tire and use the pliers to pull it through the tire and into place.
Tire maintenance is an important part of your car’s overall maintenance. This includes:
- Ensuring tire pressure is at the recommended levels.
- Rotating the tires about every 7,500 miles.
- Checking that the tire’s tread depth is at the appropriate level. Most new tires come with 10/32” or 11/32” tread depths. If the tire reaches 2/32”, it’s time to replace the tire.
While your mechanic is topping off your tires’ air pressure, ask them to take a look at your tire tread level and the valve stem to check for any potential leaks.
We hope this guide on tire caps helps.
The next time you inflate your tires, you’ll know that the small tire cap in your hand plays a big role when it comes to your tires’ health.